In this episode, I’ll show you how to properly transplant your young cannabis plants, as well as provide some valuable tips that’ll make this process a success.
When to transplant?
Your first real transplant will take place one week to 10 days after planting. You need to decide whether you’re moving your seedling to their final home or an intermediate pot.
What kind of pot should I use?
An intermediate pot gives you more chances to perfect cycling your plants wet to dry with your feeding and watering. You become used to how much your plants drink, and how much a dry versus a thirsty pot weighs. I highly recommend this route to beginners.
Transplanting from seedling straight to the final pot is recommended once you have some experience or if the pot you’re finishing up in is pretty small (in a one- to three-gallon range).
What is the Kyle Kushman way? And what are the advantages?
My preferred method is planting into dry medium and water after. It reduces potential waste, and dry soil is much easier to clean up. Plus, any leftover dry soil can go straight back to the bag.
How to prep the soil and properly water?
When preparing your pot, never pack your soil. You want the first watering to be able to move around and fully saturate rather than find a path of least resistance. When planting, the aim is to seat a new plant without spaces or gaps in the medium. Successive waterings compact the soil naturally. It will make watering easier and produce a better root structure.
Make sure to leave room for watering. Never fill close soil up to the rim, or you’ll find yourself pouring a little, then waiting over and over or constantly overflowing nutrient solution on the floor.
Any foolproof advice when moving seedlings to their final home?
I have a good tip to make sure the shoot moves everywhere. For the first few waterings, including the initial watering, saturate the media to only 50%, concentrating on a column down the center. Slowly water all around the seedling, keeping about half the distance from the rim to the plant. Plants will immediately shoot roots down as far as they can.
Never let the media dry completely. The first few times you remoisten, apply only 50%. Once you see roots protruding from the bottom, you can start the wet to dry cycling.
Any tips on feeding?
Your soil must now be charged with food, either by using a nutrified soil or adding nutrients regularly. Stick to your feeding plan. If you transplanted to a nutrified soil, you might not need additional nutes for a few weeks. The use of super soil, on the other hand, means you won’t need to supplement at all.
Follow the feeding plan you chose, and you should be okay, but always observe your plants. At this stage, purple stems and yellow leaves commonly indicate lack of nutrients or the inability of the plants to uptake nutrients because the pH is off.
A few weeks after the initial transplant is when you want to increase the nutes. This is when you can push them and get them to produce what large-scale commercial agriculture calls “greenhouse tip”. The slight tip burn lets you know that the plant is full of nitrogen, and you’ve reached the maximum level.
When and how do I move my plant from an intermediate to a final pot?
Typically, it should be within two to three weeks, but this also depends on the light source, strain, and overall health of the plants. Physically, they would have already doubled or tripled in size and have developed substantial roots and foliage at this stage.
Make sure the root ball is relatively dry before transplant. A wet root ball would fall apart under its own weight. If you are transplanting into a pot three or four times the size of your intermediate pot, the first watering should follow the same half-saturation pattern I spoke of earlier – a nice central column of water for the first couple of waterings and then cycle wet to dry. This will give you an amazing root structure and a strong, vigorous plant.
Is there anything I should avoid after transplanting?
Avoid flipping your plant for at least a week after transplant. Let your plant move into all the fresh soil and settle in its new home. It will thank you for it later on.
In the next video, I’ll show you have to train your vegging plants to maximize your yields. See you soon.