Is Weed Legal in Iowa?

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Is Weed Legal in IOWA
July 27, 2021
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Is marijuana legal in Iowa? When it comes to marijuana possession and use, the one place you don’t want to be is on the wrong side of the law.

Over half the U.S. states have already legalized marijuana in some form or another. It would seem that Iowa is soon to follow.

Current marijuana laws in Iowa are stringent. First offenders can face severe consequences even for a tiny amount of weed. 

Will the lawmakers in Iowa finally come to their senses in 2021?

Read on as we explore the latest developments regarding the legalization of cannabis in Iowa.

Is Weed Legal in Iowa

Iowa marijuana laws

Both recreational and medicinal use is still illegal under Iowa law. Legislators are pushing for the legalization of marijuana in the state, so you may want to consider keeping your weed seeds on ice for just a bit longer.

Medical marijuana use

Is medical marijuana legal in Iowa? In short, the answer is no. Current Iowa marijuana laws prohibit the growth, possession, and use of weed for medical purposes.

Caregivers and patients may buy medical CBD products from state-licensed dispensaries, though. State laws define the THC to CBD ratios and permitted forms of CBD medication. 

The Iowa legislature passed the medical cannabidiol act in 2014.

It enables licensed neurologists to subscribe CBD products containing less than 3% THC to patients with qualifying health problems. It also decriminalized cannabis oil possession when used for the treatment of this condition. 

In 2020, Governor Kim Reynolds signed off on the HF 2589 legislature. It increased the number of medical professionals permitted to prescribe medicinal cannabis and added several qualifying conditions.

It also changed the allowed THC in products from 3% or less to a total of 4.5 grams over 90 days.

Recreational marijuana use

Recreational marijuana use is strictly prohibited and classified as a misdemeanor.

For a first offense, you can face up to six months imprisonment, up to a $1,000 fine, or both even if you are in possession of only a small amount of weed.

Should you get caught within 1,000 feet of a school, on a school bus, at a recreation center, swimming pool, or public park, you may also face 100 hours of additional community services.

It’s also illegal to buy high THC seeds from a marijuana seed bank for medicinal or recreational use.

Under Iowa marijuana laws, cannabis is a schedule 1 substance. In other words, this means it has no recognized medicinal value and a high probability for abuse.

This classification makes the manufacture, sale, purchase, and possession of weed illegal in this state.

Can I grow my own cannabis in Iowa?

It may seem like a good idea to order marijuana seeds from an online vendor such as Homegrown Cannabis Co. to start your own weed garden.

As it’s illegal to grow or distribute ganja in this state, you can face severe penalties, which varies according to the amount you possess:

  • Less than one-half of an ounce. This crime is a misdemeanor and is punishable by six months jail-time, a fine of up to $1,000, or both.
  • Up to 50 kilograms. Perpetrators will face a Class D felony which carries a penalty of up to 60 months in lock-up and a fine ranging from $750 to $7,500.
  • 50 to 100 kilograms. Offenders will get charged with a Class C felony, punishable by up to ten years imprisonment and a fine ranging between $1,000 and $50,000.
  • 100 to 1,000 kilograms. Perpetrators will face a Class B felony which can land them in jail for up to 25 years, accompanied by a fine ranging from $5,000 to $100,000.
  • More than 1,000 kilograms. Offenders will get charged with a Class B felony, punishable by up to 50 years in prison and a million-dollar fine.

Registered caregivers and patients are allowed to buy medical CBD products from a state-licensed dispensary.

Iowa laws restrict the purchase amount and limit the total THC amount to 4.5 grams over 90 days per individual. Physicians can recommend a higher dosage for the treatment of the terminally ill.  

Apart from this exception, current Iowa marijuana laws strictly prohibit the use of marijuana for both medicinal and recreational purposes

Great strides are being taken within Iowa as legislation is pending to decriminalize the sale, use, and possession of cannabis. With any luck, you’ll soon be able to buy marijuana seeds from your favorite vendor to grow your own weed.

A recent statewide poll showed that roughly 53% of Iowa residents are currently in favor of legalizing marijuana for recreational and medicinal use throughout the state. Democrats have put forward three bills:

  • To establish marijuana regulations similar to that of alcohol.
  • To eliminate criminal penalties associated with cannabis possession for recreational use and to delete existing criminal records related to these charges.
  • And to give local governments the authority to legalize the possession of small amounts of weed

House file 816 and Senate File 406 got introduced in February and March 2021.

Anyone above the age of 21 would be able to purchase and possess up to 30 grams of weed (out-of-staters are limited to 15 grams) for recreational purposes. If passed, a sales tax of 20% will apply to all retail cannabis.

It also expands expungement eligibility from being limited to misdemeanor offenses, including transferring and felony possession offenses.

Qualifying conditions for medical cannabis in Iowa

Iowa medical marijuana laws allow individuals with a valid medical card and a doctor’s prescription to purchase medicinal CBD products from any state-licensed dispensary.

Only specific health problems allow the use of this medication. These ailments include:

  • Chronic pain
  • Cancer with cachexia wasting disease, severe vomiting, nausea, and chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Corticobasal degeneration
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), aka Lou Gehrig’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Seizures
  • Multiple sclerosis 
  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD)
  • Intractable autism with aggressive or self-injurious behavior
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Terminal illness with less than 12 months life expectancy should the disease or its treatment result in any of the following:
    • Cachexia
    • Severe or chronic pain
    • Nausea
    • Extreme vomiting

As the advantages of marijuana products become more evident, a growing number of state legislators are adapting to the idea of decriminalizing cannabis. From medicinal properties to taxable income and job creation, the benefits are far-reaching.

With legislative propositions already in place, it’s merely a matter of time for the Iowa Senate to pass the bill.

With any luck, you’ll find cannabis seeds for sale closer to the end of 2021. For now, though, weed enthusiasts in Iowa have little choice but to wait it out to buy weed seeds legally.